Biden returns to UN as world grapples with Putin’s latest provocation in Ukraine war

New York

President Joe Biden returns to Green-marble United Nations Forum Fresh on Ukraine and the environment on Wednesday is set to defy US leadership, even as a . also as the combined effect of Prolonged conflict and economic uncertainty Create a dark mood among world leaders.

Putting renewed urgency in Biden’s remarks belongs to Russian President Vladimir Putin Announcement That he is ordering “partial mobilization” of Russian civilians in the Ukraine war and has again created the specter of using nuclear weapons.

Biden’s Second speech at the United Nations General Assembly It is a moment for him to launch a new, historic investment in tackling climate change, as well as a US-led effort to support Ukraine and punish Russia for its aggression.

Under a cloud of a messy Afghanistan retreat and stalled domestic ambitions after delivering his first speech at the United Nations last year, Biden enters his sophistication with a strong hand.

“We believe the president goes to New York with the wind,” National Security Adviser Jake Sullivan told reporters at the White House on Tuesday.

Still, as Biden announces a new US leadership, deep questions remain about his ability to maintain that position for years to come, as the specter of a global recession looms large and threatens American democracy. .

Biden has spent a great deal of time in recent weeks outlining those dangers, primarily to domestic audiences, but foreign capitals have also listened carefully. He sat around a table at last year’s 7th Summit in Cornwall, England, in recent speeches, telling fellow leaders that “America is back.”

French President Emmanuel Macron, Biden told the audience, asked them: “How long?”

That question still hangs over Biden’s efforts on the world stage, even a year and a half into his term, as his predecessor continues to influence the Republican Party and looks to mount another run for the White House. Make preparations. In an interview aired on Sunday, Biden himself said While he intends to run for re-electionA final decision “remains to be seen.”

One of the issues currently at the forefront of global affairs – painful talks to restart the Iran nuclear deal, from which Trump withdrew – only underscores the impact of the pendulum swing in the US leadership.

For Biden, the annual UN speech is another stab at explaining to the world how he has brought the United States back to a position of leadership after Donald Trump’s “America First” years.

In it, he would offer “a strong rebuke of Russia’s unjust war in Ukraine”, according to Sullivan, and gave “a call to the world to stand up against the naked aggression we have seen over the past several months”.

Sullivan said he planned to unveil “important new announcements” to tackle food insecurity and “detail how the US has restored its global leadership and the integrity of its word on the world stage.”

Following his speech on Wednesday morning, Biden will host a pledge session for the Global Fund to Fight HIV, AIDS, Tuberculosis and Malaria. In the evening, Biden and the First Lady will host a reception for the leaders at the American Museum of Natural History.

This week’s event was thrown into flux as world leaders gathered in London for the funeral of Queen Elizabeth II, one of the largest gatherings of heads of state in recent memory. Many people flew from the British capital to New York for UN meetings.

Instead of his usual Tuesday morning speaking slot, Biden’s address was pushed back a day. Unlike many years past, when the UN General Assembly was cut short due to COVID-19, this year’s gathering has returned to its normal individual capacity.

Biden and his aides have been drafting the address for several weeks, a period that coincides with Ukraine’s successful counter-offensive. Russian occupied territory after a few months of occupation, The initiative was coordinated with US officials, included increased information and intelligence sharing, and was continued by weapons provided by the US and its allies.

US officials have warned that Ukraine’s current gains do not indicate a broad change in approach to the war, which is likely to be a prolonged conflict. A day before Biden’s speech, two Russian-controlled regions in eastern Ukraine officially announced plans for a referendum to join Russia, with the US earlier warning that the vote would be “shams”.

One of Biden’s objectives in his speech on Wednesday will be to emphasize the importance of maintaining unity among Western allies in supporting Ukraine in the uncertain months.

That effort is made more difficult by an impending energy crisis as Russia halts natural gas supplies to Europe as the winter begins. The high cost of lifting Western sanctions on Moscow has led to an economic disaster that is causing political turmoil for many leaders. In alliance with Biden, including himself.

The president met on Wednesday with one of those leaders, British Prime Minister Liz Truss. It will be his first formal personal interaction since Truss entered office earlier this month following his predecessor Boris Johnson’s decision to step down.

He inherited a deep economic crisis, fueled by high inflation and rising energy costs, which led to fears that Britain could soon enter a protracted recession. While some in the Biden administration shed tears over Johnson’s resignation – Biden once described him as a “physical and emotional clone” of Trump – the US and UK remained deeply involved in the approach to Russia under his leadership.

White House officials expect cooperation under the truss to continue, even if it comes under pressure to ease economic pressure at home.

What is less certain, however, is whether the truce’s hardline approach to Brexit will sour relations with Biden. The President has taken a personal interest in the special issue of the Northern Ireland Protocol, a post-Brexit arrangement that requires additional checks on goods moving between Northern Ireland and the rest of the UK.

The rules were designed to keep the border between Northern Ireland and the Republic of Ireland open and to avoid a return to sectarian violence. But the truce has gone on to rewrite those rules, causing deep concern in both Brussels and Washington.

Putin is not expected to attend this year’s general assembly in person, although his foreign minister, Sergei Lavrov, will be in New York for the event. Chinese President Xi Jinping is also not planning to attend the United Nations in person this year.

The two autocratic leaders, who met in person last week, have deepened ties between their countries as ties with the West deteriorate. Biden has warned Xi against backing Putin in his invasion of Ukraine, a theme he hopes to repeat in Wednesday’s speech.

Putin and Xi’s absence underscores the limits of places such as the United Nations to solve the world’s most serious problems. With permanent seats on the UN Security Council, Russia has resisted approving resolutions on Syria and Ukraine, leading to inaction.

Efforts to reform the Security Council have gained further momentum under the Biden administration, although the body seems unlikely to break the impasse. Biden’s aides are still weighing in on how he will speak specifically to America’s desire to reform the Security Council during his visit to the United Nations this week, but he will be asked, at least privately, with other leaders. But look forward to letting you know your thoughts.

“We are committed to finding a way forward to make the United Nations fit for the purpose of this century. And, at present, the United Nations system is under attack. The Charter is under attack. is by a permanent member,” Biden’s ambassador to the United Nations Linda Thomas-Greenfield said on CNN’s “State of the Union” on Sunday.

“I can’t change the fact that Russia is a permanent member of the Security Council, but I can continue the efforts in which we have been successful, and it is isolating them, condemning them, and It has been that they know and understand that this is not business as usual,” she told Jake Tapper.

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