Poultry sector, which accounts for 99% of the total production of poultry, is the main source of protein in the country. The sector continues to face challenges, including high production costs, heavy dependence on foreign countries for input supplies, low levels of per capita consumption and export issues due to political and economic turmoil in neighboring countries.
Chicken meat production in Turkey
In 2021, Turkey produced 2.25 million tonnes of chicken meat and 19.3 billion eggs, down 2.4% from the previous year due to high feed prices and the slaughter of herds following the closure of the Iraq export market , which reopened for Turkey. Eggs by the middle of 2022.
In 2022, chicken meat production in Turkey is projected to increase by 10% to 2.46 million tonnes in 2022, despite a rise in feed prices, mainly driven by more efficient supplies of hatching eggs and day-old chicks, and strong overseas demand. is due to. In 2022, imports of breeding stock increased by 12%, and while most were used locally, the 2% increase was re-exported as hatching eggs to Iraq and Russia.
In 2023, Turkey’s chicken meat production is projected to increase by 9% to 2.68 million tonnes due to relatively stable export demand and slightly higher domestic consumption.
feed, mainly corn and soybeans
In 2021, Turkey produced 5.5 mm broiler feed and 3.7 mm feed for layers. The main ingredients used in local broiler feed rations are corn and soybeans. While Turkey grows both crops, a large portion is imported to meet demand.
Wildfires, market prices and exports impede growth in chicken consumption
In 2023, the consumption of chicken meat is estimated to be 1.7 million tonnes which is 5% higher than in 2022. In 2022, consumption is projected to be 1.6 million tonnes, down from 2021 due to increased exports, higher market prices and fewer barbecues due to restrictions. Big wildfires and rising coal prices in 2021. In 2021, chicken meat consumption was similar to 2020 levels due to a lack of growth due to COVID-19 measures such as curfews in the spring and movement restrictions in the summer.
A major transshipment point for the poultry trade
While Turkey does not import chicken meat for domestic consumption, the country serves as a major transportation point for the Middle East, mostly Iraq (80%) and Syria (20%). Turkey, however, imports hatching eggs, mostly from the UK, US and Canada, and day by day chicks from Germany, UK and US.
Chicken meat is one of the top animal export products
Poultry meat along with milk cream and seabass is one of the top-3 exported animal products in Turkey. Sanctions by importing countries due to HPAI cases in Turkey are one of the main negative factors affecting Turkey’s poultry export market, as well as political and economic turmoil in neighboring countries, with import companies turning to exporters. Causes uncertainty to contract.
In 2021, Turkey exported 26% of its total poultry production (98.2% broiler meat; 1.8% turkey meat), with chicken meat exports (excluding claws) reaching 563,274 million tonnes (worth US$857 million). In 2022, chicken meat exports are projected to reach 860,000 million tonnes, an increase of 52% over 2021 due to strong export demand especially from Iraq and Iran (until the market closes in May 2022). In 2023, Turkish chicken meat exports are projected to increase by 15% to 989,000 million tonnes.
In terms of chicken paws, China is a major export market for Turkey along with Uzbekistan, Thailand, Syria and Iraq.
*The information in this article has been extracted from USDA Benefits report good,